Mr. Lek Viriyaphan Born in 1914, Mr. Lek Viriyaphan completed his university studies in China, where he travelled and studied arts and cultures. He had accumulated knowledge and understanding of arts, religions, philosophies and cultures. As he was given with an opportunity to continue and grow his family business, he concurrently cherished the national arts and cultures. With anxieties in the world community due to lack of ethics among humans, Mr. Lek felt that arts and cultures could make the world better. He started thinking of creative arts and architecture to reflect his philosophy. For instance, the Ancient City in Samut Prakan Province where different arts, cultures and lifestyles, religions, beliefs, concepts in Thai society could be harmonized for peaceful living together. Mr. Lek also built the Erawan Museum to show that a society with different cultures could survive through the bond of religion as every religion has taught their followers to do good and avoid bad for peaceful living together in society and in the world.   history-creator1 Background of the building, Mr. Lek Viriyaphan, son of Mrs. Teng and Mr. Seseng, Bangkokians 1914    Born in Bangkok (in the Year of the Tiger) 1931    Studied in a university 1934    Took over the drugstore, “Tien Sae Tueng” from his father, and published a Chinese-language newspaper, “Kwang Hua Po” on Phat Sai Road, 1939    Married with Ms. Praphai Viriyaphan, daughter of Khun Vicharn Panich (Chum), 1942    Jointly established Monthon Bank, responsible for credit (Later Monthon Bank was merged with the Agriculture Bank and changed its name to              Krung Thai Bank) 1947    Established Asia Commercial Co., Ltd. (later Viriya Insurance Co., Ltd.), 1949    Bought the business of Thonburi Panich Co., Ltd., 1950    Established Thonburi Car Assembly Co., Ltd., 1963    Construction of the Ancient City in Samut Prakan started, 1972    The Ancient City officially inaugurated, 1974    Found the Ancient City Journal, 1981    Construction of the Sanctuary of Truth Museum started, 1994    Construction of the Erawan Museum in Samrong, Samut Prakan Province started, 2000    Mr. Lek Viriyaphan was dead in Bangkok on November 17, 2000 at the age of 86 years.  

The Ancient City






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